*Specific gravity is a measure of a metal’s density compared to the density of water. It is dimensionless and indicates how much heavier or lighter a metal is than an equal volume of water. Common metals like gold (19.32), copper (8.96), and aluminum (2.70) have specific gravity values that help determine their suitability for various applications.*

## Specific Gravity Calculator

Enter the density of the metal to calculate its specific gravity:

Metal | Specific Gravity |
---|---|

Aluminum | 2.70 g/cm³ |

Copper | 8.96 g/cm³ |

Gold | 19.32 g/cm³ |

Iron (Steel) | 7.87 g/cm³ |

Silver | 10.49 g/cm³ |

Titanium | 4.51 g/cm³ |

Lead | 11.34 g/cm³ |

Zinc | 7.13 g/cm³ |

Nickel | 8.91 g/cm³ |

Tungsten | 19.25 g/cm³ |

Platinum | 21.45 g/cm³ |

Mercury (Liquid) | 13.55 g/cm³ |

Cobalt | 8.92 g/cm³ |

Tin | 7.31 g/cm³ |

Bismuth | 9.80 g/cm³ |

Magnesium | 1.74 g/cm³ |

Uranium | 19.05 g/cm³ |

Palladium | 12.02 g/cm³ |

Rhodium | 12.41 g/cm³ |

Iridium | 22.56 g/cm³ |

Chromium | 7.19 g/cm³ |

## FAQs

**How do you find the specific gravity of a metal?** To find the specific gravity of a metal, you need to divide its density by the density of water at 4°C (approximately 1 g/cm³).

**How to calculate specific gravity?** Specific gravity is calculated by dividing the density of a substance by the density of water at 4°C (approximately 1 g/cm³).

**Which metal has the highest specific gravity?** Osmium has the highest specific gravity among naturally occurring elements, with an approximate value of 22.6.

**What’s the specific gravity of steel?** The specific gravity of steel typically falls in the range of 7.7 to 8.1.

**Do metals have specific gravity?** Yes, metals have specific gravity values that represent their density relative to water.

**What is the specific gravity of aluminum?** The specific gravity of aluminum is approximately 2.7.

**How do you measure specific gravity of a mineral?** You can measure the specific gravity of a mineral using a laboratory method that involves weighing the mineral in both air and water and then using the formula SG = (weight in air) / (loss of weight in water).

**How do you calculate specific gravity at home?** At home, you can calculate specific gravity by measuring the weight of an object in air and then in water, and dividing the weight in air by the loss of weight in water.

**Do metals have a low specific gravity?** No, metals generally have relatively high specific gravity values due to their dense atomic structure.

**How do you find the specific gravity of copper?** The specific gravity of copper is approximately 8.9.

**What is the difference between density and specific gravity?** Density is an absolute measure of mass per unit volume, while specific gravity is a relative measure of density compared to the density of water at a specific temperature.

**What is the specific gravity of titanium?** The specific gravity of titanium is approximately 4.5.

**What is the specific gravity of brick?** The specific gravity of brick varies depending on the type but is typically around 1.9 to 2.2.

**What is the specific gravity of 925 silver?** The specific gravity of 925 silver (sterling silver) is approximately 10.4.

**What is the specific gravity of wood?** The specific gravity of wood varies widely depending on the type of wood, but it typically ranges from 0.3 to 0.9.

**Will specific gravity sink?** Specific gravity itself will not sink; it is a measure of density relative to water. Objects with a specific gravity greater than 1 will sink in water, while those with a specific gravity less than 1 will float.

**What is the specific gravity of gold and silver?** The specific gravity of gold is approximately 19.3, and the specific gravity of silver is approximately 10.5.

**Is specific gravity just density?** No, specific gravity is not the same as density. Specific gravity is a dimensionless ratio comparing the density of a substance to the density of water, while density is an absolute measure of mass per unit volume.

**What does it mean if a material has a specific gravity of 2?** If a material has a specific gravity of 2, it means that it is twice as dense as water at the specified temperature.

**What is the specific gravity of two materials?** To determine the specific gravity of a mixture of two materials, you would need to know the densities and proportions of each material in the mixture and perform a weighted average calculation.

**What is the specific gravity of manganese?** The specific gravity of manganese is approximately 7.2.

**What is the specific gravity of cadmium?** The specific gravity of cadmium is approximately 8.6.

**What is the specific gravity of silver alloys?** The specific gravity of silver alloys varies depending on the composition of the alloy.

**What is the specific gravity of sandstone?** The specific gravity of sandstone typically ranges from 2.2 to 2.8.

**What is the specific gravity of stone?** The specific gravity of stone varies widely depending on the type of stone, but it generally falls within the range of 2.0 to 3.0.

**What is the specific gravity of a potato?** The specific gravity of a potato is close to 1, as it is very similar to water in density.

**How do you find specific gravity without a hydrometer?** You can find specific gravity without a hydrometer by using other methods, such as the displacement method, where you measure the volume of water displaced when an object is submerged.

**How do you use a hydrometer to measure specific gravity?** To measure specific gravity with a hydrometer, you place the hydrometer in a liquid, and it floats at a specific level based on the liquid’s density. You then read the scale to determine the specific gravity.

**What tool is used to measure specific gravity?** A hydrometer is commonly used to measure specific gravity.

**Which metal has no density?** All materials, including metals, have density. There is no metal with zero density.

**What metal is strong but low density?** Titanium is a metal that is known for being strong while having relatively low density.

**What is the lightest metal on Earth?** Lithium is one of the lightest metals on Earth.

**What is the least densest metal on Earth?** Lithium is one of the least dense metals on Earth.

**What is the specific gravity of gold and lead?** The specific gravity of gold is approximately 19.3, and the specific gravity of lead is approximately 11.3.

**What is 13.6 specific gravity?** A specific gravity of 13.6 means that the substance is 13.6 times denser than water at the specified temperature.

**Does higher specific gravity mean more dense?** Yes, a higher specific gravity indicates that a substance is more dense compared to water at the specified temperature.

**Does higher density mean higher specific gravity?** Yes, higher density generally corresponds to higher specific gravity when compared to water at the same temperature.

**Why is specific gravity important?** Specific gravity is important in various fields, including engineering, geology, and chemistry, as it helps determine the relative density and composition of materials.

**What is the specific gravity of gold?** The specific gravity of gold is approximately 19.3.

**How can you tell if a metal is titanium?** You can identify titanium by its unique appearance, which is a shiny, silver-gray metal. It is also non-magnetic and has a relatively low specific gravity.

**What is more dense, titanium or steel?** Steel is generally denser than titanium.

**What is the specific gravity of glass?** The specific gravity of glass varies depending on the type of glass but is typically around 2.5 to 2.8.

**What is the specific gravity of concrete?** The specific gravity of concrete depends on its composition, but it is typically around 2.3 to 2.5.

**What is the specific gravity of calcium?** The specific gravity of calcium is approximately 1.55.

**What is the specific gravity of chromium?** The specific gravity of chromium is approximately 7.2.

**What is the specific gravity of a diamond?** The specific gravity of a diamond is approximately 3.52.

**What is the specific gravity of cobalt?** The specific gravity of cobalt is approximately 8.9.

**What is the specific gravity of plywood?** The specific gravity of plywood can vary depending on the type of wood used in its construction.

**What is the specific gravity of plastic?** The specific gravity of plastic varies widely depending on the type of plastic but is generally less than 2.

**What is the specific gravity of sawdust?** The specific gravity of sawdust is close to 1, as it is similar in density to wood.

**Does water affect specific gravity?** Yes, the specific gravity of a substance can vary with temperature and pressure, but it is typically measured at a standard temperature of 4°C.

**Does buoyancy cancel gravity?** Buoyancy is a force that opposes the force of gravity. It does not cancel gravity but can counteract its effects.

**What is the specific gravity of milk?** The specific gravity of milk varies depending on its fat content but is generally close to the specific gravity of water, around 1.0.

**What is the specific gravity of brass?** The specific gravity of brass varies depending on the alloy composition but typically falls between 8.3 and 8.7.

**Is gold heavier than lead or silver?** Gold is heavier than silver but not as heavy as lead.

**Do heavy metals have a specific gravity?** Yes, heavy metals have specific gravity values that indicate their density relative to water.

**Do metals have high specific gravities?** Metals generally have relatively high specific gravity values compared to non-metallic substances.

**What is the specific gravity of 70%?** A specific gravity of 70% doesn’t have a direct meaning without additional context. Specific gravity is typically expressed as a dimensionless number or a ratio.

**What does 9.8 mean in gravity?** 9.8 m/s² is the approximate acceleration due to gravity on the surface of the Earth.

**What does a specific gravity of 1.4 mean?** A specific gravity of 1.4 means that the substance is 1.4 times denser than water at the specified temperature.

**What if specific gravity is too high?** If the specific gravity of a substance is too high for a particular application, it may indicate excessive density, which could lead to issues such as buoyancy problems or difficulty in handling the material.

**What is the relationship between density and specific gravity?** Density is the mass per unit volume of a substance, while specific gravity is the ratio of the substance’s density to the density of water at a specific temperature. Specific gravity is a dimensionless number, whereas density has units of mass/volume.

**Should specific gravity be high or low?** Specific gravity can be high or low depending on the material and its composition. There is no universal rule for whether it should be high or low; it depends on the context.

**Why use specific gravity vs. density?** Specific gravity is often used when comparing materials because it provides a relative measure of density, making it easier to compare substances of different compositions and sizes.

**Can you convert specific gravity to density?** Yes, you can convert specific gravity to density by multiplying the specific gravity by the density of water at the specified temperature.

**Why do we use specific gravity instead of density?** Specific gravity is often used instead of density for convenience, as it provides a dimensionless number that simplifies comparisons between different materials.

**What is the normal range for specific gravity?** The normal range for specific gravity varies widely depending on the type of material being measured. There is no single “normal” range.

**What does specific gravity depend on?** Specific gravity depends on the material’s density and the reference substance used (usually water) at a specific temperature.

**What is the significance of specific gravity and absorption?** Specific gravity and absorption are important properties for materials like aggregates used in construction. They affect the quality and performance of the materials.

**What is the specific gravity of copper?** The specific gravity of copper is approximately 8.9.

**Does gold have a higher specific gravity than quartz?** Yes, gold has a significantly higher specific gravity than quartz. Gold’s specific gravity is around 19.3, while quartz’s specific gravity is around 2.6.

**Will a magnet stick to titanium?** No, titanium is not magnetic, so a magnet will not stick to it.

**How can you tell if metal is titanium or stainless steel?** You can distinguish between titanium and stainless steel by their appearance, weight, and magnetic properties. Titanium is typically lighter than stainless steel and is not magnetic, while stainless steel can be magnetic.

**Is titanium worth more than gold?** The value of titanium and gold depends on various factors, including market demand, purity, and application. Generally, gold is considered more valuable than titanium due to its rarity and cultural significance.

**What is the heaviest metal specific gravity?** Osmium has the highest specific gravity among naturally occurring elements, with an approximate value of 22.6.

**What is the specific gravity of magnesium alloy?** The specific gravity of magnesium alloys varies depending on the alloy composition but is typically around 1.7 to 2.0.

**What is the specific gravity of limestone?** The specific gravity of limestone can vary depending on its composition but is generally around 2.7 to 2.9.

**What is the specific gravity of magnetite?** The specific gravity of magnetite is approximately 4.9 to 5.2.

**What is the specific gravity of graphite?** The specific gravity of graphite is approximately 2.2 to 2.3.

**Which rock has high specific gravity?** Dense rocks like basalt and hematite have relatively high specific gravity values.

**What is the specific gravity of gravel and sand?** The specific gravity of gravel and sand can vary depending on their composition, but it typically ranges from 2.5 to 2.7 for gravel and 2.6 to 2.8 for sand.

**What is specific gravity of fruit?** The specific gravity of fruit varies widely depending on the type of fruit and its ripeness.

**What is the specific gravity of vegetable oil?** The specific gravity of vegetable oil can vary depending on the type of oil, but it is generally less than 1.

**What can you use instead of a hydrometer?** Instead of a hydrometer, you can use other methods like the displacement method or pycnometer to measure specific gravity.

**What is the difference between hydrometer and specific gravity?** A hydrometer is a tool used to measure specific gravity indirectly by floating in a liquid. Specific gravity is the density ratio of a substance to water.

**What is the difference between a hydrometer and a hygrometer?** A hydrometer measures the density or specific gravity of a liquid, while a hygrometer measures the relative humidity of the air.

**How do you read a hydrometer for dummies?** To read a hydrometer, simply look at the level at which it floats in a liquid. The scale on the hydrometer will provide a specific gravity reading based on where the hydrometer floats.

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