Hay Per Acre Calculator

Hay yields per acre vary widely depending on factors such as hay type, climate, and management. On average, you can expect a hay yield of approximately 2 to 4 tons per acre annually. However, this can range from 1 to 6 tons or more, with some premium hay varieties yielding even higher.

Hay Yield Calculator

Hay Yield Calculator

Hay Yield per Acre: tons

Type of HayEstimated Yield per Acre (Tons)
Alfalfa4 – 5
Timothy2 – 4
Bermuda Grass2 – 4
Orchard Grass2 – 3
Red Clover2 – 3
Tall Fescue2 – 3
Coastal Bermuda3 – 5
Mixed Grass2 – 4


How much hay does 1 acre produce? The hay yield per acre can vary widely, but on average, you can expect to harvest around 2 to 4 tons of hay per acre annually.

How do you calculate hay yield per acre? To calculate hay yield per acre, you need to measure the weight of the harvested hay. Divide the total weight of harvested hay by the number of acres to get the yield per acre. For example, if you harvested 5 tons of hay from a 2-acre field, the yield per acre would be 2.5 tons.

How do you calculate bales per acre? The number of bales per acre can vary depending on the size of the bales and the density of the hay, but a rough estimate is about 50 to 100 small square bales per acre or 10 to 20 large round bales per acre.

How many times can you cut hay a year? In most regions, you can cut hay two to four times a year, depending on factors like climate, type of hay, and growing conditions.

How many pounds of hay can one acre produce? On average, one acre can produce around 4,000 to 8,000 pounds of hay annually, but this can vary widely.

Is it profitable to grow hay? The profitability of hay farming depends on various factors, including your location, costs, and market demand. It can be profitable, but it’s important to conduct a thorough financial analysis to determine if it’s a viable option for your specific circumstances.

How many cows will an acre of hay feed? One acre of hay can typically feed one to two cows for one month, but this can vary based on factors like cow size, hay quality, and weather conditions.

How much fertilizer do I need per acre for hay fields? Fertilizer requirements can vary based on soil tests, but a common recommendation is to apply 40 to 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre for hay production.

What is the yield per acre for timothy hay? Timothy hay yield per acre can range from 2 to 4 tons per year, depending on growing conditions.

How many 40lb bales per acre? You can typically produce 100 to 200 40-pound small square bales per acre.

How many bales of hay in 100 acres? The number of hay bales in 100 acres can vary widely, but you might expect around 500 to 1,000 small square bales or 100 to 200 large round bales.

How do you calculate hay? To calculate hay yield, measure the weight of the harvested hay and divide it by the number of acres harvested.

Is 20 year old hay still good? No, hay is not typically good for consumption after 20 years. It will have significantly deteriorated in quality and nutrition over such a long period.

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Why do you cut hay at night? Some farmers choose to cut hay at night or during cooler temperatures to reduce the risk of mold growth and to preserve the nutritional quality of the hay.

Why is 2nd cutting hay better? Second cutting hay is often considered better because it tends to be more nutritious and have a finer texture compared to first cutting. This is because second cutting typically occurs during the peak of the growing season.

Can you get enough hay off 2 acres to feed a horse? Yes, you can produce enough hay on 2 acres to feed a horse, but the amount needed will depend on the horse’s size and nutritional requirements.

How much water does an acre of hay need? An acre of hay may require about 1 to 2 inches of water per week during the growing season, but this can vary based on local climate and soil conditions.

What is the best hay for tonnage? Alfalfa hay is often considered one of the best hay varieties for high tonnage production due to its rapid growth and high yields.

Is it cheaper to buy hay or make it? The cost-effectiveness of buying vs. making hay depends on your specific circumstances, including land availability and equipment costs. In some cases, it may be cheaper to buy hay, while in others, it may be more economical to produce it.

What hay is the most profitable? The profitability of hay depends on market demand and local conditions. Alfalfa and high-quality grass hays like Timothy can be profitable options in many areas.

How hard is hay farming? Hay farming can be physically demanding and labor-intensive, especially during harvest. It also requires knowledge of soil management and weather conditions.

Can I put 2 cows on 1 acre? Putting 2 cows on 1 acre is generally not recommended for long-term grazing, as it can lead to overgrazing and pasture degradation. Cattle typically require more space for sustainable grazing.

How much hay does 1 cow eat a day? On average, a cow can consume about 2-2.5% of its body weight in hay per day. So, a 1,200-pound cow might eat 24-30 pounds of hay daily.

How much can you make on 100 head of cattle? The income from 100 head of cattle can vary greatly depending on factors like market prices, expenses, and management practices. It’s essential to calculate potential revenue and expenses to determine profitability.

What is the best fertilizer for hay? Common fertilizers for hay include nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. The best fertilizer depends on your soil’s nutrient needs, which can be determined through soil testing.

Does fertilizer make better quality hay? Fertilizer can improve hay quality by promoting healthier plant growth, but it’s just one factor. Other factors like cutting timing and weather conditions also influence hay quality.

Is it better to fertilize hay fields in the fall or spring? The timing of fertilizer application depends on your goals and local conditions. Many farmers apply fertilizer in the spring, but fall application is also an option.

How many tons of alfalfa per acre? Alfalfa hay yields can vary, but a rough estimate is around 4-5 tons per acre per year.

How many bales of hay does a cow need for winter? The amount of hay a cow needs for winter depends on its size, weather conditions, and available forage. A rough estimate is 1.5 to 3 tons of hay per cow per winter.

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How many alfalfa bales per acre? You can typically produce 80 to 100 small square bales of alfalfa hay per acre.

How many round bales do you get out of 1 acre? You might get around 10 to 20 large round bales from 1 acre, but this can vary based on factors like bale size and yield.

How much seed per acre for hay? Seeding rates for hay vary depending on the type of hay and local recommendations, but a common range is 10 to 20 pounds of seed per acre.

How long does hay take to grow? The time it takes for hay to grow depends on factors like the type of hay, weather, and soil conditions. In general, it can take 40 to 60 days between cuttings during the growing season.

How many acres of pasture does a cow need? The amount of pasture a cow needs can vary, but a rough estimate is about 2 to 4 acres per cow for year-round grazing.

How long does 1 bale of hay last? The duration a bale of hay lasts depends on the size of the bale, the nutritional needs of the animal, and whether it’s used as the primary forage source. A small square bale may last a horse a few days, while a large round bale can last several weeks.

How much is 2 tons of hay? The cost of 2 tons of hay can vary widely based on the type of hay and local market prices, but it could range from $200 to $400 or more.

How much hay does a 1200 pound horse need? A 1,200-pound horse may need around 24 to 30 pounds of hay per day to meet its nutritional requirements.

Why is hay so expensive in 2023? The cost of hay can be influenced by various factors, including weather conditions, supply and demand, transportation costs, and inflation. It’s essential to consider local factors when determining hay prices.

Can you wait too long to cut hay? Yes, waiting too long to cut hay can result in decreased quality and nutritional value, as the plants become more mature and lignified.

Can you turn hay too much? Excessive turning of hay during drying can lead to leaf loss and reduced quality. Proper turning and raking techniques are essential to maintain hay quality.

Does it matter if cut hay gets rained on? Rain can reduce hay quality by leaching nutrients and promoting mold growth. It’s best to avoid having cut hay get rained on if possible.

What happens to a hay field if you don’t cut? If you don’t cut a hay field, the grass or legumes will continue to grow and eventually mature, leading to a decline in forage quality and digestibility.

Does it hurt cut hay to get rained on? Yes, getting rained on can hurt cut hay by reducing its nutritional value and making it more susceptible to mold growth.

What makes the best quality hay? The best quality hay is typically harvested at the right stage of maturity, is free from mold and contaminants, and has good color, aroma, and leaf retention.

How many times should hay be turned? Hay should be turned as needed to facilitate even drying, typically once a day or as dictated by weather conditions.

What is the greatest factor affecting hay quality? The stage of plant maturity at harvest is one of the most significant factors affecting hay quality. Harvesting at the correct stage is crucial for high-quality hay.

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Can 4 horses live on 2 acres? Providing 2 acres for 4 horses can be challenging and may not offer sufficient pasture to meet their nutritional needs. Additional forage or supplemental feed may be required.

How many horses can you have on 2 acres of land? Two acres of land can support 1 to 2 horses, depending on factors like climate, pasture quality, and management practices.

Can you have 3 horses on 2 acres? Having 3 horses on 2 acres is generally not recommended for long-term grazing, as it may lead to overgrazing and pasture degradation.

How much dry fertilizer per acre for hay? As mentioned earlier, a common recommendation is to apply 40 to 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre for hay production, but specific fertilizer needs should be determined through soil testing.

What is the best irrigation system for hay fields? The best irrigation system for hay fields depends on local conditions, but options include sprinkler systems, drip irrigation, and flood irrigation.

What is the fastest growing hay? Some fast-growing hay options include annual ryegrass, sorghum-sudangrass, and certain varieties of clover.

What is a good hay yield per acre? A good hay yield per acre can vary by location and management practices, but a target range might be 4 to 6 tons per acre for high-quality hay.

Do cows prefer hay or grass? Cows generally prefer fresh grass over hay, as it’s more palatable and nutritious. However, hay is an essential part of their diet, especially during non-grazing seasons.

Which cutting of hay is the richest? The first cutting of hay is often the richest in terms of yield, but the second and third cuttings tend to be richer in terms of nutritional quality and palatability.

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